Is this architecture? [series]

1: Whitgift Car Park, Croydon

First Happening, London: experimental video essay


2: Mayfair, London

Second Happening, London: experimental video essay



3: Industrial Fringe, Croydon

Third Happening, London: experimental video essay

We can only build what we are able to imagine

‘The dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difficulty and we must rise with the occasion. As our case is new, we must think anew and act anew’. [ Abraham Lincoln, 1862 ]


Check out our project:




Second Photography Exhibition, Pimlico_London:

The Cinebook of Homelessness: a Video Essay shot with The Homeless by The Homeless

For over a week I spent time with homeless people in Trafalgar Square and Croydon, London. Before I couldn’t see them, now every time I cross those streets I recognise them, greet them, look at myself in them. We smiled, told our stories, looked at each other and talked about the dignity lost in the bitter hours spent staring at Nelson’s column and thinking on the whys of life.

Architettura Povera as Arte Povera_ The Homeless



[Submitted to ‘Are we Human?’ 3rd Istanbul Design Biennial]


The Haunted House, Duppas Hill, Croydon

‘The Haunted House’ visual poem explores the space of a Victorian house built in Croydon ( London ) in 1839 and abandoned since 2008. The house is owned by the Terranova Sea Cadets who cannot afford to have it renovated.

In 2011 an arson destroyed part of the house roof and in 2014 an homeless was found dead in the back of the building due to a fire started by two teenagers who were dangerously playing inside the house. Since then the building, that has been squatted for many years, has been renamed by locals ‘The Haunted House’.




Stop Making Stupid Buildings Famous [series]- 1: The Haunted House, Croydon

November 2016: demolition of the haunted house





Nomadic Architecture for Ethnic Minorities, Croydon

[ The following project has been submitted to the Council’s attention in October 2015. ] 

The Stewart plastic factory stopped its activity in Croydon ( London ) about three years ago, following a move of the company to the north of England. Since then the building lies in a complete state of abandonment on the Purley Way . The giant IKEA has already submitted a project for the acquisition of the site in order to expand its storage area to the neighbouring land. The project involves the demolition of the entire Stewart complex and the subsequent construction of two new prefabricated warehouses, similar to those currently used by IKEA. The purpose of such an intervention – according to the plan officially presented to Croydon Council and currently waiting for planning permission – is to conform the lot on a visual level and on keeping its functional perspective anchored to the commercial activity that characterizes the whole area just outside Croydon, a vast retail park served by a light rail/tram system.

Behind the factory is the only authorized site in the borough for Gypsies and Travellers.

The Housing Act 2004 established that every borough has to consider the housing needs of the above mentioned ethnic minority in the planning process, thus it is necessary for the Council to document the presence of the community with care so as to evaluate its requirements and provide a set of strategic actions to include this currently marginalized and isolated group into the fabric of the city, taking into account not only its particular lifestyle but above all its spatial needs. Croydon conducted the assessment in 2008/9, noting that the site of Latham’s Way, just behind Stewart factory, is wholly inadequate to accommodate the entire travelling community, therefore the area has been indicated as overcrowded and its housing conditions stated below the minimum standards. According to the official survey carried out by Croydon Council [1], 22 new pitches for caravans – or temporary accommodations – should be constructed to guarantee the travelling community enough space to meet their housing needs. The distinctive lifestyle of these ethnic minorities has often led to profound difficulties in understanding their social, educational and above all housing demands. Impermanence is what makes nomadic life different from a contemporary society that tends instead to settle in a specific place and for a long period of time. Such a provisional nature of the travelling groups should obviously not prevent the planning process to analyse and reflect on these migratory movements, so that the city may be thought of as a changing organism rather than a static body, and places imagined as hybrids rather than immutable life-long certainties.

From a first in loco inspection in August 2015 [2], it has been verified that a shortage of sufficient authorized sites for Gypsies and Travellers has led a part of the increasingly growing community to illegally occupy the area in front of the Stewart factory – a dead end street that allows only pedestrians to get to the factory and reach some close retail stores – with hygienically disastrous consequences. The whole community has been repeatedly evicted by local authorities and the lack of adequate sanitation services has caused an intolerable pile of organic and inorganic waste gathered in the parking area beside the factory; the noise of electric generators, even at night, indispensable devices for the energy requirements of a life in caravan, has exacerbated the hostility of the local community against nomad minorities, interpreting the spatial needs of Gypsies and Travellers as a civic negligence of the group. Eviction and cleaning up of unauthorised sites has also severely depleted on the Council’s regular expenses.

The project ‘Nomadic Architecture for Ethnic Minorities’ plans to displace the all Latham’s Way encampment inside the currently unused Stewart factory. The ground floor of the building, a large space framed only by concrete pillars, could easily accommodate the caravans of the travelling community; a direct access from the car park next to the factory would be an easy solution to the continuous movement of vehicles. Toilets and hygienic services, already existing in the factory, would be adapted to provide a more adequate comfort to residents by adding showers and laundry rooms to the previous design. The current plot of Latham’s Way, no longer having to serve a residential function, could be turned into a rural plot, a space in which keeping and feeding animals – horses are for instance an important part of the cultural heritage of a nomadic life style – and a place where children and the whole community could meet. The need for a rural area around the house is what emerges from the survey carried out by Croydon Council, a need that until now the site has failed to meet. Croydon Council would finance this set of ameliorations and redesign process claiming for a government-held Gypsy and Traveller Site Grant. In this way, the Stewart factory would be transformed into mobile architecture, thus a place that shifts with the changing of the upcoming conditions, challenging the idea itself of Architecture as a permanent artifact.

Perhaps Architecture should not be thought of only as a physical object but as a space that we bring with us every time we move, a sort of aura that follows us wherever we go. 

The project aims to create a building that acts as a Ziferblat, that is to say a space whose price is set according to the time spent within the block. This would allow the creation of a temporary – meanwhile – use of the building, during the time frame between the closing down of a business and the launch of a new one. The Stewart Group who currently owns the site and the factory, would not only prevent the building falling into a state of dereliction due to a lack of maintenance, but would also benefit from an economic profit coming from the amount of time spent by the travelling community inside the factory. The price would be established per hour; 0.25p the standard cost for 60-minute stay in the building. The project would allow any ethnic minority – asylum seekers, nomadic communities and other social categories with economic and housing difficulties – to have a roof at £6 per day, thus £180 per month. The possible conflicts that may eventually arise between the different groups will also be taken into consideration. Using the same payment system, the two floors above will be transformed into an Art centre to serve the Croydon art community by offering affordable space for temporary exhibitions, concerts and theatre performances.

The project aspires to launch the idea of ​ Nomadic Architecture as a set of spaces that moves relentlessly occupying the void of time and use between the abandonment of a building and the subsequent rebirth of the place. When the Stewart factory decides to sell or transform the site into something else, the Ziferblat will immediately move out and, borrowing an another empty building, it will settle there for a while, until a definitive decision is taken.

Only then the Ziferblat will start wandering again.

[1]: Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Needs Assessment

Detailed results of Croydon survey 2008/09:

[2]: Visual Poem | The Plastic Factory


Stewart Factory





We live in a Vibrant world

Featured on : The Croydon Citizen, 26th January 2015

“Sire, I am from another country. We are bored in the city, there is no longer any Temple of the Sun. […] We are bored in the city, we really have to strain to still discover mysteries on the sidewalk billboards, the latest state of humor and poetry”.

[ ‘Formulary for a New Urbanism’, Ivan Chtcheglov, 1953, Internationale Situationniste #1].

There comes a time in each of our lives when everything around us begins to feel alien and the rhythm of the city no longer belongs to us: that moment in which the panorama slows down whilst everything continues to move, controlled by standardized habits conformed to human silhouettes; that moment which makes us aware of the power of a discovery, and we cannot do other than communicate and share it with those around us.

We live in a vibrant world; a world in which it is not us who ooze energy, but rather the multitude of events that invest us with euphoria leaving nothing inside except miserable traces of tedium. Events have replaced Situations, and the city has become a collection of achievable desires arranged on shelves of sad rationality.

Dreams have abandoned imagination, dissolved in the traffic jam of passive entertainments with which we fill our days, disguising useless activities as leisure needs. Life has turned into a circus of professionalism and style; a luxury held in suits and trench coats in places devoid of spirit, in rooms of public acclaim praised for their fake perfection, abstraction and righteousness.

Public spaces have been transformed into ‘platforms’ – urban waiting rooms in which we only stop to seek a key hidden at the bottom of a bag and sit for a few moments to eat a sandwich filled with cheese and chaos. The residual space of the city has become a ‘vibrant’ place; that is to say an area assigned to the free movement of feet, hands, money, commodities and construction machinery that annihilate the depths of earth until their telescopic arms decide to gift silence some moments of relief.

The time we use to congest our days moves quickly and does not leave us the freedom to think. Everything is reduced to a competition to reach an unknown prize – certainly something special that makes us forget who we are and how we should live. Smooth movements, instants of rest, contemplation, reflection are excluded from our cities as deeds too slow, too devoid of any energy that may eventually drive profit. The mood of today’s cities never varies, neither with the changing of seasons nor with the passing of time. The constant emotional flatness leaves in us a mental emptiness that prevents spontaneity initiating action to get out of the continuous flow of routine. We are led to think and act in prescribed ways, in prescribed places, in prescribed times and we are not able to wipe out this infinite web of acceptance and conformity that imprisons us like spiders in the invisible net built by ourselves.

I believe that if the pounding sound of voices which tell us what to do and how to behave vanished from our cities and our minds, and the intimidating advertising billboards were transformed into white screens on which we may paint thoughts, draw fears, construct words, then we truly would become involved in the creation of a city that surprises us every day, with no need of exceptional Events but a constant Normality that binds us to the place in which we carry out our lives, where we activate our creativity to vent our need to dream – to have unrealistic dreams, perhaps even unattainable ones, but dreams that lead us to imagine a world that no one else has thought like ours.

[I was inspired to write the article after seeing readers’ suggestions for ‘I would make Croydon better by…’ in recent editions of the Croydon Citizen, and finding that the dreams of Croydon citizens are public fountains, bike hubs, a left luggage facility at East Croydon station, a tea shop, an arts centre and a cultural department].

Architecture of Uncertainty [ series ]

Architecture of Uncertainty [ series ]

Canterbury House ( 1963-65 ) by T.P. Bennett and Sons, is facing demolition.

Between the 1950s and the 1970s Croydon experienced a burst of commercial development unparalleled anywhere else in the country. The impetus was provided by the Croydon Corporation Act (1956) which gave Croydon Council powers to develop land in the borough.
By 1970 about six million square feet of office space had been provided in central Croydon.

Reeves Corner, Croydon _ London

Reeves Corner was damaged beyond repair by an arson attack on the night of 8th August 2011, which was part of the civil unrest that took place across London.

1 Year ago I wrote :

‘ The buildings that were previously located at Revees Corner were important historic indicators of the pattern of Croydon’s expansion throughout the second half of the 19th century. They made an important contribution to the character of the Church Street Conservation Area, and stood prominently in the historic core of the Croydon town centre.
The Edwardian Arts and Crafts style building ( 104-12 Church Street and 1-3 Reeves Corner ) was unique in form and composition, and had a high level of architectural and historic significance.
The building had a complex and varied architectural form, with an intricate tile and clay gabled roof, with five prominent and unusual chimney stacks.
The main bulk of the structure was two storeys with attic space.
The site has further historic associations, being the site of the Reeves’ family business, The House of Reeves, for five generations. It is also situated within an Archeological Priority Zone.

The site has been cleared, no trace of the burned shop.
The area is now fenced-in with high information claques and it’s almost impossible to have a wide image of the whole plot. ‘

Reeves Corner is visible today, but what about the importance of the events that took place in it? Still no trace of improvement.


Photo © Rossella Scalia